Made of carbon, Graphene has become the sensation of the 21st century. Dubbed as “supermaterial”, Graphene is the thinnest compound ever known to man, 500 times stronger than steel. It is not only the lightest material known but it is impermeable to most gases and liquids and is really flexible.
First demonstrated in 2004 in the University of Manchester by 2 physicists, Graphene is made of a single atom of carbon. Now we all have learned in school that both “graphite” and “diamond” contains the same atoms of carbon arranged in different ways adding different properties to different materials. In Graphene, the carbon atoms are arranged in a hexagonal arrangement.
Being a two-dimensional atomic crystal, Graphene possesses some miraculous properties and is the strongest single atom material in the whole Universe.
Applications of Graphene
Since Graphene has numerous superlative traits scientists have thought of a wide variety of ways to make use of this miraculous material.
As Graphene is highly flexible and transparent it can be used to add a different dimension in portable electronics making it more so flexible that it can even be folded like a paper. In the light of its highly conductive nature, research proves that Graphene release multiple electrons for each photon making it the most potential material for converting solar energy. Owing to its conductivity Graphene can be used to increase the speed at which information travels making it one of the best semiconductors. Graphene proves to be an exceptional tool in the filtration of gages and liquids, purifying water of toxins. Research shows that graphene, used in the right configuration can function as a superconductor by itself.
Other than these there are thousands of potential uses of Graphene that are yet to be discovered and scientists all over the world are trying to outline different way through which we can make the best out of this incredible material.
Is graphene our future?
Attributing endless lists of strength, one would definitely expect graphene stock to be everywhere. But being expensive material Graphene holds some flaws too. But that didn’t stop scientists from continuously looking for ways of generating Graphene.
In 2013 a decision was taken by the European Union to fund in Graphene research and how could they be used in the field of electronics. Samsung, Asia’s giant tech is also conducting their own research on Graphene finding ways as to how it can improve technology in the coming years.
It is expected that in coming time, Asia would be able to use this productive element fruitfully. Would it replace steel? Would it cover the market of technology and electronics? Is it going to be the key to transformation? None other than time can answer this question.